Employee Stock Options and Corporate Financial Performance Metrics

Maximizing Financial Performance Through Employee Stock Options

As a growth-oriented business, it’s essential to have a solid grip on financial performance metrics. These metrics are critical tools that allow executives to assess the performance of their company, set goals, and make data-driven business decisions. However, there’s more to it than just regular financial reporting. Employee stock options (ESOs) can serve as a complementary tool for boosting corporate financial performance. In this article, we’ll discuss how ESOs work and their impact on corporate financial performance metrics.

What Are Employee Stock Options?

ESOs are part of employee compensation packages that provide workers with the right to purchase a company’s stock at a predetermined price, called the strike price, at a later date. The idea behind this type of compensation is to incentivize employees to help the company’s stock value grow, thereby benefiting both the company and its workers.

ESOs and EPS Growth

The most commonly used financial performance metric is earnings per share (EPS), which measures the portion of a company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. As such, companies that experience higher EPS growth typically have higher stock prices and stronger financial performance. By offering ESOs, employees have a vested interest in increasing the stock price, leading to higher EPS growth.

ESOs and Stock Price Stability

Across different industries, stock price stability is vital for long-term financial performance. Companies with volatile stock prices experience more significant risk and uncertainty than those with more stable prices. ESOs benefit the stock price by incentivizing employees to stay with the company longer-term, which promotes a more stable workforce and reduces job turnover. Employees tend to hold onto their ESOs to earn higher profits when the stock price rises, turning into a long-term investment.

ESOs and Return on Equity (ROE)

ROE is a crucial metric that measures the amount of profit a company generates with its shareholders’ investments. By design, ESOs increase the shareholder base of a company due to the issuance of new shares, which ultimately boosts overall equity. Furthermore, ESOs result in more profitable companies since workers are incentivized to work towards growth in equity value.

ESOs and Total Shareholder Return (TSR)

TSR measures the return on stock price appreciation over specific periods. It’s a useful tool for investors who want to understand the value delivered to shareholders by the company. ESOs are a significant driver of TSR since they drive a higher stock price, leading to higher expected returns for shareholders. Investors often look for companies with strong TSR to understand how the company will deliver value in the long-term.


ESOs can be an effective tool for boosting corporate financial performance. They incentivize employees to work towards value creation, provide increased job stability, and better align employee interests with shareholder interests. However, it’s important to remember that ESOs are just one piece of a broader financial strategy. Companies should continue to monitor standard financial performance metrics and use ESOs as a complementary tool. By doing so, businesses can take proactive measures to drive growth, profitability, and shareholder value.